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Leadership Vs Management PDF
(192 votes, average 3.70 out of 5)
Written by Ashim Gupta   
Friday, 13 February 2009 01:55

Leadership Vs Management

"Lead subordinates, Manage projects "

Webster dictionary defines the two words as below:-

Lead: to guide on a way especially by going in advance; to direct on a course or in a direction

Manage: to handle or direct with a degree of skill; to make and keep compliant

The core differences

 Although one can draw a long list of differentiating factors between management and leadership, I consider that there only only few core differences and rest are all derivatives.

  1. Leadership is Synthesis, Management is Analysis : In general, analysis is defined as the procedure by which we break down an intellectual or substantial whole into parts or components. Synthesis is defined as the opposite procedure: to combine separate elements or components in order to form a coherent whole.Every synthesis is built upon the results of a preceding analysis, and every analysis requires a subsequent synthesis in order to verify and correct its results.Synthesis Analysis
             A leader request his managers to provide him with status, issues and other vital statistics for each of the managed sub-division. The leader than puts all the data on the table and then tries to synthesis them into a fundamental statement followed by a direction or vision for the entire set of problems. Then he hands over his vision to each manager who then tries to analyze the divisions status with leader's vision and then formulates plans to address them. In a nutshell, synthesis involves working with abstract concepts while analysis deals with details.
  2. Leadership has long-term impact, management has short-term goals: Leader's decisions impact the future of the organization, they bring vision, they motivate the organization towards a goal. The effect of their vision can only be measured over substantial period, they can either make or break an organization. Manager's role is more about managing day-to-day activities, supervising subordinate staff, get the tasks completed, measure and report on performance and reward. Hence their effectiveness can impact how the organization performs in a quarter, half or whole year.
  3. Leadership is an intention of climbing to next level, management is the process of efficiently executing the plan: This is certainly the most fundamental difference. The creative energy of defining the next big thing itself is inspirational for the organization, it brings meaning to the work of employees. Management on the other hand is more focused on getting the work done efficiently, although in reality it may loose the efficiency part.   Hence management is more about creating several processes and tracking the progress of various functions across the organization. The entire management doctrine often becomes too mechanical and their lack of employee concern often makes them target of break room gossips.  

Leadership and management factors in organization hierarchy

Quite often an organization often uses the nomenclature of leadership and management interchangeably, perhaps because the two job functions overlap one another and do not have a clear demarcation between them.  Both roles are very much tied to human interactions and thus personalities and traits are essential requirements.  In any organization, both leadership and management exists at every level of management, however the amount of each varies according to the management hierarchy.

Leadership to Management Ratio

A CEO of an organization has more of a leadership task to provide vision to the company and plan to achieve it, while a project manager’s leadership rarely goes beyond determining what the next project should be.

Leadership within the organization also depends upon ‘how much it allows for leadership in a particular role'. As the figure suggests that the ratio of leadership to management is much seen in higher management than in line management or supervisory roles.

Importance of the difference

Why is it important to understand the difference between the two? How does it matter? These are the most common questions that strikes everyone's mind. The importance is related to the career growth of an individual aspiring to step up in the management ladder of the organization. A successful manager or supervisor does not guarantee the same success in the higher levels of the organization hierarchy, fundamentally because the amount of leadership role increases.

Do you lead or do you manage? The motive of this article is essentially to help the reader discover his own strengths & weakness and then take appropriate actions.

Summary of differences



Create a vision

Concentrate on doing things efficiently

Leaders have followers

Managers have subordinates

Leaders are inspirational and charismatic

Managers are productive and effective

Manage the changes, external or internal.

Manage the complexity of tasks and the organization structure.

 Leaders empower followers

 Managers control subordinates

People are lead

Projects are manged

Align the organization to the vision

Organize teams, allocate resources, build & execute plans to achieve the objectives.

Synthesis, put together all the issues and solve them holistically ( bottom-up approach)

Analyzes the issues by breaking them into smaller problems and then solve each of them (top-down approach)

 Take the Lead Vs Manage Questionnaire

Comments (42)
  • James Kemp  - Leadership Vs Management
    Really good article and easy to understand.Not an easy insurance concept to put
    into writing!

  • Cortez Sperdute  - Leadership Vs Management

  • Dawn Schofield  - Great Perspective on Leadership vs. Management
    This is a very good article. I like the way you summarized the difference
    between the two roles as well as their functions. Thanks for sharing.
  • Anonymous
    People should be lead and empowered not just being contolled. Great article.
  • figgy m  - re: leadership vs management
    kingsley sebola wrote:
    hey u ppl i really feel humble about the info i got concerning Leadership vs
    Management. i hope dat i will pass my assignment with distinction. i am doing
    second year (Computer Studies) @ Polokwane Campus TUT
  • Emiliani.R.Elenatus  - am very inspired about the notes......thanks
    we for development of people
  • George  - Good Job
    Awake all night. Sleepless night and finally found something. kudos
  • Kenya
    Great information for my final. I will be sure to reference
  • Anonymous
    nice website guuuuuuuuurrllllll. you did amazing. cant believe you arent an
    authorrr! keep up the gooood workk :0 :) :D :evil: :roll: :!: :arrow: :0
  • Anonymous
    excellent information. thank you
  • Priscilla Boateng  - BBAmanagement
    I need some topics on managerial leadership
  • Londiwe Ngubane
    Thanks alot, this article really helped me with my assignment.
  • shidahhairani  - leadership vs management
    thank's for sharing.. good info to learn
  • NSP  - re:
    Anonymous wrote:
    very informative this is.Thanks a great deal.

    Talk like yoda, we are.
  • Anonymous
    very informative this is.Thanks a great deal.
  • JAY
    This is very helpful, as not all of us can afford text books and try to source
    info. online. this has really helped me with my assignment. Thanks
  • mtw  - comment
    i love this information however i would like to know why is it important for a
    sales peson to know this difference that is between leadership and management.
  • willy  - mr
    i do hv de book if u dnt mnd snd me ur message at 071 630 5236
  • kingsley sebola  - leadership vs management
    hey u ppl i really feel humble about the info i got concerning Leadership vs
    Management. i hope dat i will pass my assignment with distinction. i am doing
    second year (Computer Studies) @ Polokwane Campus TUT
  • edom  - helpful
    you do the best for helping students i got what i want.keep it up.

  • Nonhlanhla Nyandeni
    I am a student doing bachelors of business administration year 2. I do not have
    text book due to financial difficulty. I would like if you would sen me
    information based on management vs leadership, jobs characteristics model and
    high performance team
  • bex tasha phil  - yehhhhhaaaa
    thanks awsum site lovz ya babz x :lol: :0
  • rubi
    accurate. a big help in my study

  • Babar Olakh
    It help me to get clear concept of management and leadership
  • yasir ahmed
    thanks 4 this nice material
  • Anonymous
    This bit of information is great helps me to understand it a great deal
  • sujatha
    :D hai, Thank you for your great sharing on the Leadership versus management.
    This really help with my assignment.

    Thanks a lot.

    Suja. :D
  • Chandra Brady  - Clarification
    Under the summary of differences chart, line 5: Shouldn't this read "Leaders
    empower followers" based on the idea that leaders have followers and
    managers have subordinates?

    Thanks for the summary.

    C. Brady
  • Paul of Marsabit.  - appreciation
    [c Go on guiz and interract as we strive for beter and beter day to day growing
    Society. together we can only move in +ve direction only thro' proper Mgmt
    quality Lship.
  • phi  - Leader v/s Manager
    Happy to share about mger n Lship.Keep on interracting hence we develop for
    better and better ognzd society.
  • albert germinanda  - leadership vs.management
    good day!

    i am currently pursuing my degree in management.As i surf the net, i found this
    topic....I want to use this for my report, can u please allow me to use this

    thanks and god bless
  • guesh
    hi ineed ur greetest definition
  • Greg Buchanan  - Leadership vs. Management
    I wanted to share this article with you.
  • Marita Jacobs
    This is a great article :D
    I am currently doing a field placement as a requirement to complete my graduate
    certificate. The project I am working on will be delivered in the form of a
    presentation.The topic is about how to attract, motivate and lead
    "Millennials" in the workplace. A part of this presentation is about
    "leadership vs management". Will you allow me to use the quiz or the
    link. I think this quiz will make employees aware of their style/approach.
    My presentation is for academic purposes only.
  • Ashim Gupta  - See terms of use
    Hi Marita, Yes you can use any part of content/quizzes for non-profit purpose,
    that's the very purpose of this effort.
  • Aref Faqih  - The Legality of Copying Material
    Dear Sir/Madam,

    I would like to copy the tabe summary of differences between Leadership and
    Management for my study purpose at a course.

    Kindly provide how it could be legal?


    Aref Faqih
  • terms of use
    As mentioned in "http://www.practical-management.com/Terms-of-Us..." (2). The users can cite or link to the articles in the site without prior
    permission as long as it clearly mentions the source in format :- “ ,
    www.practical-management.com”. Use select & copy (cntrl+c) to copy.
  • JAYESH  - Comment
    :) GOOD Differences :)
  • Howie Williams  - Leadership vs Management Questionnaire
    I am in currently doing a thesis on leadership vs management for my Master's
    degree. I find your quiz very interesting and would like to know if it is
    available for me to use as part of my research. I would like for managers and
    their employee's to complete the quizzes so that I may report the results in my
    thesis, proving that most managers do not know the aspects of leadership. Thank
  • Ashim Gupta  - Quiz
    Thank you for your interest in the Quiz, you can use it for your research
    purpose. Indeed I would very much appriciate if you could also share your
    results and the summary.
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